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Dwarf Evergreens

Pinus vir Wate's Golden 400

Pinus virginiana ‘Wate’s Golden’

Abies balsamea ‘Hudsonia’     A cute little pincushion, very compact and very slow growing. A 10 year old plant might be 8ins. high and 12ins. wide. The original plant was discovered in the White Mts. of New Hampshire and introduced into cultivation before 1810. Adapted to cool, moist, well drained conditions,(high altitude climates), so when grown in gardens in lower areas, every effort should be made to provide a moist, acid, peaty soil, preferably with protection from hot afternoon sun. A real gem that’s worth whatever effort it takes to grow it. Zone 3.

Abies koreana ‘Siberlocke’     This handsome selection of the Korean Fir has needles that curl up to reveal undersides of startling silvery-white. Form is upright, densely conical, sometimes attractively irregular. Slow growing, possibly reaching 30’ after many years. Maintains a dense, full habit throughout its life. Abundant, rich purple cones in spring add yet another ornamental feature to this amazing evergreen. Zone 5.

Abies pinsapo ‘Glauca’ Spanish Fir     Not dwarf but slow growing with a distinctive, architectural form, after many years reaching heights of 50’-70’. Slow growing enough to be suitable for smaller spaces and, with judicious pruning, add even more years of suitability. Short, stout, blue/green needles tightly encircle the stems, and branchlets often spiral in capricious patterns at the ends of the branches. Needles appear sharp but are soft to the touch. Over-all form in broad, conical. Prefers a sunny location with moist, well-drained soil. Becomes quite drought tolerant with age. Tolerant of high pH soils. Very distinctive. Received the Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit in 1993. Zone 6. 

Cephalotaxus harringtonia ‘Fastigiata’ New     2” long, glossy dark green, yew-like needles whorled around upright stems. Grows moderately slowly with a broad columnar form, eventually reaching around 10’ high. Widens with age but can easily be kept in an upright form through periodic pruning. Excellent textural interest with handsome foliage that always gets a second look. Shade tolerant and, once established, tolerant of dry situations. Deer resistant. Zone 6-5b.

Chamaecyparis (Falsecypress) 

    nootkatensis ‘Green Arrow’ New   A very narrow habit with a strong central leader and downward sweeping branches held tight to the trunk, resulting in a form that in 10 yrs will be 15'-18' tall and only 2' wide. Slow growing, and even when mature, plants do not exceed the relatively low hight of 25'-35' tall, with a width of only 5'-8'. An eye-catching exclaimation point with high landscape impact. Where space allows, group plantings are especially effective. For sun, with rich, evenly moist but well-drained soil. Becomes more drought tolerant as it matures. Slow growing.

    obtusa ‘Blue Feathers’    Slow growing, compact, upright, with lots of juvenile foliage giving it a feathery, fine textured appearance enhanced by powder blue foliage color, 4ft. Contributes strong color and textural contrast. Zone 5.

    obtusa ‘Confucius’     Bright golden-yellow foliage shimmers at the ends of the branches against dark, emerald-green, interior foliage, creating a pleasing two-toned effect. Habit is upright, narrow, growing moderately fast to reach 12’-15’ high by 6’-8’ wide in 10-15 years. Effective as a specimen, creating strong accent anywhere in the landscape, also adds excitement to shrub borders. For rich, evenly moist, well-drained soil.

    obtusa ‘Crippsii’    An upright, pyramidal, large shrub to small tree with graceful horizontal branches lined with fan-like fronds, brilliantly yellow at their tips, becoming gold then bright chartreuse toward the core of the plant. Grows slowly, eventually becoming broadly conical, 15ft. high by 8ft. wide with wide-spreading branches that droop flirtatiously at their tips. Impressive as a lawn specimen or for dramatic accent in the shrub border. Zone5.

    obtusa ‘Gracilis’     Deep green, fan-shaped foliage and handsome pyramidal form make this dependable evergreen an excellent choice for hedging, foundation planting and especially for specimen accent. Grows slowly to moderately fast, eventually reaching 30' -40’ tall by 15’-30’. wide. A very distinctive and popular evergreen that becomes the focal point in any landscape. Zone 5.

    obtusa ‘Gracilis’ - Select        This "select" form of the Hinoki Falsecyparis exhibits a fuller shape, greener color and a slower growth rate as compared to 'Gracilis'. Moderately fast growing with10 year old plants being 5' high and mature specimens, after many years, reaching 30'. Form is generally pyramidal with rich, green, fan-like foliage sprays growing in various vertical and horizontal planes displaying what many consider to be the real Japanese effect. Zone 5.

    obtusa ‘Melody’ New    Has been called the best new yellow Chamaecyparis obtusa type. Compact, narrow, upright form, 4’-5’ tall by 2’ wide in ten years with yellow outer foliage that “plays” against the interior green foliage creating an eye-catching, glowing effect. Color interest extends into winter as foliage take on warm orange tones. 

    obtusa ‘Nana’   Very slow growing to about 3ft. in height with a slightly broader spread. Differs from o. ‘Nana Gracilis’ in being smaller, slower growing and in having a flat-topped, dense, layered form at maturity. Suitable for rock gardens, ornamental containers and troughs and as specimens.

    obtusa ‘Nana Gracilis’    One of the best and most sought after dwarf conifers. This dwarf form of 'Gracilis' assumes a dense globe shape when young but with age becomes more upright with many tiers of layered foliage. After many years, mature plants will be no more than 3’- 4' tall. Used in gardens for over a century and still universally admired.

    obtusa ‘Nana Lutea’ New    Similar to o. ‘Nana Gracilis’ in having a broad globe shape when young but becoming more upright, generally taller than wide at maturity. The similarity stops there as ‘Nana Lutea’ displays bright golden sprays that are somewhat cupped and up-facing. Very handsome year round. Mature height is 4’-6’ tall. Best placed in bright light without direct exposure to hot afternoon sun.   

    obtusa ‘Reis Dwarf’ New   Here’s a conifer to satisfy the artist within the horticulturist. Habit consists of tight, twisted and “concentrated” tufts of bright green foliage in an upright, somewhat conical form.  Given to producing a certain amount of older, browned foliage throughout the season, the periodic removal of which results in an eye-catching, “pom-pom” configuration that’s so effective in formal and Japanese gardens. 4’ tall by 2’ wide in ten years.

    obtusa ‘Spiralis’      Displays a growth habit similar to 'Nana Gracilis but is much slower growing. In addition, 'Spiralis' differs from 'Nana Gracilis' in being noticeably upright and in having finer, more tightly held foliage. After many years, plants will mature at 3' tall and 2' wide.

    obtusa ‘Verdon’     Densely packed, golden-colored fronds on compact upright cone-shaped plants. Slow to medium growth rate, eventually reaching 10ft. high by 4ft. wide. A handsome evergreen, distinctive for its tightly held fronds that resist winter sunburn. Zone 5.

    pisifera ‘Cream Ball’   Small, very dense plants with grayish-green foliage tipped with a veneer of yellow-green that fades to nearly white on the edges. Its dense form, small size and eye-catching coloring offer a variety of landscape possibilities such as planting in small groups, combining with annuals and perennials both in the border and in containers. Grows 2-3ft. tall with an equal spread. Zone 4.

    pisifera ‘Glauca Compacta Nana’    (Blue Dwarf Cypress) Typically develops into a small, tight bun of blue/gray foliage. However, plants are given to throwing out long, random shoots which make it difficult to predict an ultimate shape except to say that it will become an interesting blue conifer that stays quite dwarf. A ten year old plant that retains the round, globular shape will be 18” tall and wide. If it has sent out shoots, it could be 2-3’ high with an irregular, intriguing form. Rebellious shoots can easily be pruned out.

    pisifera ‘Sungold’   Small and slow growing, forming a globe or broad pyramid with bright, golden threadplike foliage that does not fade in summer. Dwarf, reaching only 3’ tall after many years. Zone 4.

    pisifera ‘Juniperoides Aurea’ New    Dense, compact, broad conical habit with fine-textured foliage that begins spring as bright yellow and slowly changes to chartreuse through summer. Only 2’-3’ high after ten years and, after many years,( 20 yrs.), maturing at anywhere from 6’-12’. The yellow/chartreuse color and fine texture contrast beautifully with the deep green cultivars of Chamaecyparis obtusa and the smaller growing, blue cultivars of Picea pungens. Stout, upright, slightly tapering form makes a strong statement in rock gardens, mixed conifer plantings and in mixed perennial borders. Effective accent almost anywhere in the landscape, in sun, with evenly moist, well-drained soil.

    pisifera ‘Mini Variegata’ New    Dwarf, 2'- 2' tall by 2'-3' wide formig a dense rounded mound of gray/green foliage splashed with creamy white highlights. Recommended for accent, for low hedging and for mixed perennial borders to lend year round interest. Adds sharp texture and color contrast to mixed conifer plantings. Deer resistant.

    pisifera ‘Sungold’ New    A dwarf, dense mound of golden, weeping, threadleaf foliage that holds its color through summer, becoming more green in winter. Mature size is 5'-6' tall by 7'-8' wide. Does well in full sun where its golden color shines the brightest. Grow in average soil that's reasonably moist through summer. Becomes more drought tolerant as it establishes. Very effective as a specimen or accent plant and brings sharp contrast to mixed evergreen plantings. Zone 4.  

    pisifera ‘Tsukumo’ New   Tiny mounds of dense, finely textured foliage that grows a mere one inch per year.  Expect plants to reach 1’ in height in 10-12 years, with a wider spread. A rock gardener’s dream plant. Also perfect for troughs and as bonsai subjects.

    thyoides ‘Top Point’ New    (Dwarf Atlantic White Cedar)  Broad, upright with a “chunky”, resilient look. Dwarf, only 4’-5’ tall at maturity, attractive bright green foliage consisting of both mature and immature growth,(needles and scales). Tolerates wet soil so it’s perfect for rain gardens and waterside planting. Adapts well to ordinary, evenly moist garden soil and makes a choice, small-scale, accent feature and looks good in large troughs or decorative containers.

    Juniperus communis ‘Compressa’    Upright, cone-shaped with blue-green evergreen foliage. Slow growing, with dense, vertical branching, maintaining a very narrow form, 2’-3’ tall by 1’(or less) wide. Suitable for rock gardens and especially nice for creating the illusion of a “forest” in miniature gardens. Imparts effective vertical accent, especially in groups, and should be used in strategic locations to take advantage of this feature. Tolerates dry, infertile soil, in full sun. Zone 2.

Jun. communis 'Gold Cone'

Juniperus communis ‘Gold Cone’    Tight, dense and slow growing, this columnar Juniper is ideal for many landscape uses. Foliage is a superb gold color on plants that grow only 3-4ins. per year, maturing at 6-7ft. high by 2-3ft. wide. Thought to be the best of the yellow-needled columnar types. Retains its color through summer with a minimum of fading. Grow in full sun, in well drained soil. Zone 5.

    horizontalis ‘Mother Lode’     A unique sport of ‘Wiltoni’ that is completely bright yellow in summer without a speck of green turning deep gold and salmon-orange with green overtones in winter. Slow growing but not fragile, thoroughly capable of holding its own in any full sun location with excellent drainage. Warrants a prominent spot in the garden where it can be seen and enjoyed year round. Only 4-6ins. tall with slow, modest spread. Zone 3.

Juniperus procumbens 'Nana'

Juniperus procumbens ‘Nana’     This is the true selection of ‘Nana’ which in increments of 2-3” a year forms a low, ground-hugging mat looking somewhat like rough textured moss. A choice, dwarf conifer especially useful as a modest groundcover, in the rock garden, in collections of dwarf conifers, and for bonsai. Grow in full sun in well drained soil. Zone 4

Larix dicidua ‘Pendula’ See under Shrubs.

Larix dicidua ‘Pendula’-prostrate form  See under Shrubs.

Microbiota decussata      (Russian Arborvitae) A needled evergreen shrub that reaches a mere 12ins. in height but spreads moderately quickly to a width of 12-15ft. Habit is very symmetrical, with nicely layered foliage forming a neat, wide, evenly rounded mass. Great ground-cover potential! Plants closely resemble junipers but, unlike juniper, will tolerate, indeed prefer, moist but well-drained soil. Needles turn burgundy in winter, much like the low, ground hugging junipers. For sun to light shade with good, reasonably moist but well-drained soil. Zone 2.

Picea abies ‘Pendula’    Although slow growing when young, 'Pendula' will eventually develop into a large eye-catching specimen. All branches are pendulous and, unless staked, plants will simply maintain a prostrate, trailing form. Both the vertical and prostrate forms are attractive, choice of form being a matter of taste.

Picea abies ‘Tabuliformis’    Slow-growing, spreading prostrate form with a flat top and an architectural growth pattern of irregularly layered branches, 3’-4’ high by 5’ wide. Zone 3.

Picea abies ‘Will’s Zwerg’ New    Upright, conical form, narrow compared to most other Norway Spruce, dwarf or otherwise. Very slow growing, 1"- 5" per year achieving 3'-6' in ten years and 10' after several decades. Foliage is a cheery, very bright green, said to be some of the brightest of the species. A desirable dwarf/semi-dwarf conifer whose uniform, upright, conical form and bright green needles lend four seasons of interest to the garden. Should be part of any dwarf conifer collection, works as an anchor plant in mixed perennial borders, and definitely worthy of specimen/accent use. Zone 3.

Picea glauca ‘Echiniformis’     Short gray-green needles tightly packed on low, mounding frames. Very slow growing, adding only 1-2" of new growth per year, eventually maturing at 15-20" high. Because of its slow growth and low, dense habit, ‘Echiniformis’ is very desirable for rock garden and container use. Zone 2.

Picea glauca ‘Ed Hirle’     A natural branch sport found on a Dwarf Alberta Spruce. Growth rate is less than half that of Picea glauca ‘Conica’, in fact, everything about the plant is scaled down, including the size of the needles which are approximately one half the size of those of a regular Alberta Spruce. 12 yr. old plants are barely 20ins. tall and only 12ins. across at the base. Estimates are that a 20 yr. old plant will be less than 3ft. high. Recommended for rock gardens, dwarf conifer collections and for planters. Zone 4.

Picea mariana ‘Cape Breton’    An upright, but very wide, finely textured Spruce. Very compact, and when at about 2' high and 18" wide it tends to form into the shape of a tear drop. Slow growing and, even after many years, still not growing much beyond the above dimentions. New and unique looking in a way that sets it apart from all other dwarf Spruce! Hardy to zone 2 with a preference for evenly moist soil. Full sun. The original plant was found on Cape Breton Island.

Picea omorika ‘Nana’   A dense, compact, dwarf spruce with a neat, broad pyramidal form, wide at the base and tapering gradually to a point. Needles are short, very dark green and thickly packed on the branches. Mature height is 3ft. tall with a very appealing tight, symmetrical silhouette. Could be use in foundation plantings, certainly as a rock garden specimen, or, among perennials in the mixed border. Zone 4.

Picea omorika 'Pendula' (Weeping Serbian Spruce)    A small tree with strongly weeping, drooping, slightly twisted branches. Needles are blue/green. An especially beautiful small evergreen with a look that sets it apart from other weeping conifers. The specimen in the photo has been growing at our nursery for 14yrs. and is 12ft. high. In background is Hepticodium miconioides, Seven-son Flower. 

Picea orientalis ‘Aureospicata’ (‘Aurea’)    Very showy, bright, lemony-yellow, new growth glows at the branch tips in spring.  The yellow new growth contrasts brilliantly with the older, dark green needles and maintains the eye-catching show for six weeks before turning all green. Terrific for accent in larger spaces such as in the middle of open lawns and in large mixed shrub and evergreen borders. Large enough to be appreciated from a distance. A graceful, large evergreen with magnetic appeal! Expect 15’ or more in ten years and twice that height by maturity.

Picea orientalis ‘Gaul Aurea’      A beautiful dwarf Spruce with a habit similar to 'Nana' though somewhat more open. Form is dense, upright, broad pyramidal with short, tightly packed needles that, on new growth, are golden yellow, gradually fading to green as summer progresses. Slow glowing, reaching 6-8' in 20 years. To get an idea of what this conifer looks like, check out the picture of 'Nana' below and imagine it with gold tipped branches.

Picea orientalis 'Nana'

Picea orientalis ‘Nana’        A dense, compact, dwarf spruce with a neat, broad pyramidal form, wide at the base and tapering gradually to a point. Needles are short, very dark green and thickly packed on the branches. Mature height is 3ft. tall with a very appealing tight, symmetrical silhouette. Could be use in foundation plantings, certainly as a rock garden specimen, or, among perennials in the mixed border. Zone 4.

Picea pungens Baby Blue 175

Picea pungens ‘Baby Blue’ New    Uniform, consistently blue needles encircle the stiff ascending branches creating a dense, full appearance that persist through the life of the tree with no need for shearing to maintain this full, compact look. ‘Baby Blue’ is not a dwarf conifer and a mature tree will be 40’- 50+’high by 15’- 20’ wide. Strong specimen/accent qualities, worthy of prominent placement in the landscape. Where space allows, group planting are remarkable. For sun, with rich, evenly moist but well-drained soil. Though more forgiving of droughty conditions that other species, evenly moist, well-drained soil is always preferred. Zone 3.

Picea pungens ‘Glauca Globosa’    (Dwarf Colorado Blue Sprure) Young plants have an irregular, flattened globe shape, gradually pulling themselves together into a compact, broad pyramid. Slow growing, at a rate of 3"-6" per year, after many years, reaching a height of 3'-4' Very similar to and often mistaken for Picea pungens 'Montgomery'. Both are nice and you can't go wrong with either. We've had what we feel is 'Glauca Globosa' in our border for going on 12 years and it's barely 3' tall by 4-5' wide. Zone 3.

Picea pungens ‘Glauca Pendula’     Structurally interesting, very architectural, irregular upright when staked. Needs to be staked to retain an upright habit and can be kept upright to the height of the supporting stake. When it grow beyond the support, it will begin drooping in an irregular, unpredictable but always fascinating pattern. Very effective as an accent, specimen plant. Zone 3.

Pinus bungeana Lacebark Pine    As a young tree, it has dark green needles and a densely branched pyramidal form. The bark on young trees is smooth and dull gray, but with age the bark starts scaling off in small patches in a pattern similar to that seen on plane trees. On mature trees, when these patches scale off, a chalky white sub-bark is exposed. Patience is called for, as it takes a number of years for plants to reach their most ornate stage.

    densiflora-thunbergii ‘Jane Kluis’     A dwarf pine with densely packed, stiff green needles that tightly circle the stems, pointing forward toward the end of the stem. Habit is rounded, flat-topped, often with sections of layered branches creating a layered effect. A true dwarf, reaching only 3’-6’ high in 12-15 years. Zone 5.

    densiflora ‘Pendula’ New    This intermediate sized, Japanese red pine offers many landscape possibilities. When staked and made to achieve some height, its long, pendulous branches sweep down in billowy waves. If left unstaked, it will grow vertically at ground level, forming large mats of groundcovering, evergreen foliage. Especially nice allowed to drape over walls. Also effective when staked to a relatively low height, (say 5’), and allowed to flow downward and then horizontally when it reaches the ground, spreading out like an expanding pool of water. 

    mugo mughus ‘Rock Garden’    (Mugo Pine)  All mugos are not alike and many unsuspecting gardeners, thinking they were buying a dwarf, have watched in horror as their plants morphed into 30' green monsters. Admittedly, a 30' Mugo Pine is a beautiful sight, unless it has been wedged into a space meant to hold a 2' plant. 'Rock Garden' is vegetatively propagated from known dwarf stock, and will remain dwarf.  Zone 3.

    mugo ‘Slowmound’    This selection forms a dwarf, uniform carpet of upward-facing branches, 3ft. high at maturity. Needles are 2ins. long and interestingly twisted. Looks great in the rock garden, in mixed conifer plantings and even in foundation plantings. Zone 3.

    parviflora ‘Fuku-zu-mi’     Low growing and wide spreading with an evocative, windswept look with short, twisted, silver-blue needles. This is a plant with a mind of its own that will appeal especially to gardeners with a more abstract landscape vision. Can be staked and trained as a tree. Can reach 12’-15’ in height after many years. Requires good drainage and is a good choice for shore planting as it is salt tolerant. Zone 4.

    parviflora ‘Gimborn’s Ideal’     10’ tall in ten years and up to 25’ high in many years with a habit that’s dense for a P. parviflora. Taller than wide with outstretched, ascending branches imparting a somewhat irregular, “jagged” silhouette. Appears more “groomed” than many other Japanese White Pines. Short, blue/green, twisted needles. Tolerant of seaside conditions,(salt), and needs reasonably moist but very well drained soil. Very desirable. Retains enough of the windswept look to stir the imagination.

    parviflora 'Glauca Nana' (Japanese White Pine)    A tight, irregular growing, semi-dwarf conifer with a good blue cast. Because of its upright habit, it makes a good campanion for the many rounded or flat-topped forms of dwarf conifers. A 10 year old plant will be less than 4' tall and approximately 2' wide.

    parviflora ‘Tani mano uki’ New    (Japanese Snow Pine)  Low, rounded and mounding form with brilliant white variegated needles in spring, mainly at the branch tips. And, as if the white needles weren’t enough, there are pink candles in spring that complete the eye-catching display. Variegation persists through most of the season. Very slow growing, 1”-2” per year, reaching 2’-3’ in ten years. Worthy of prominent display as accent in conifer plantings, rock gardens, large trough and decorative containers. Will ignite interest wherever it’s featured in the landscape!

    strobus ‘Horsford’      One of the best cushion-forming, dwarf pines. Habit is always tight, compact and plants almost never exceed 5ft. in height by 5ft. wide. ‘Growth rate is very slow, usually no more than 2ins. per year. Originated as a witches’-broom found in Vermont. A choice dwarf conifer, considered rare.

Pinus syl Aurensis

Pinus sylvestris ‘Aurensis’ (‘Aurea’)  A slow-growing, dense, medium sized Scots Pine with needles that are green/chartreuse in summer but transform to a showy, golden yellow in winter. Neither dwarf nor overly large, in time achieving a height of 25'. Dense, compact with an architecturally pleasing branch structure, and brightly colored winter needles. Structurally interesting year round. For accent and specimen use, achieving peak impact in the winter landscape.  Zone 2. Pictured is our seven yr. old plant, 2’ tall.

    sylvestris ‘Hillside Creeper’    Low-growing and wide-spreading. Fast growing, ultimately reaching 1’-2’ high by 8’-10’ wide.  A distinctive evergreen suitable for specimen siting, for facing down shrub borders, as anchors in larger rock gardens and especially effective planted on slopes and banks. Tolerant of poor soil but likes acid conditions, full sun.

    sylvestris ‘Repens’ New    Low, slowly spreading mats of blue-gray needles with branch tips punctuated with prominent white buds. Only 4”-8” high by 1’-3’ wide in 10 years, continuing to widen at a very slow rate without gaining significant additional height. Smaller and slower growing than Pinus s. ‘Hillside Creeper’ and more suitable where space is limited. Effective when strategically placed to drape over edging stones, also nice in rock gardens, at the front of mixed shrub and conifer plantings and in large troughs. 

    thunbergii ‘Oculus Draconis’      Conforms to the specie description of Japanese Black Pine in being vigorous, with an informal, open habit and branches resembling chimney brushes with densely packed, rich green, 3-4" long needles that, in spring, encircle large, pointy, silvery-white buds. 'Oculus Draconis' goes the species one better by delivering needles that are prominently ringed in yellow/white bands. Shows high tolerance of heat, drought and salt making it an excellent choice for seaside planting. 20-40' tall. Hardy to the warmer parts of zone 5,(5b-6a). Considered choice and collectable.

    virginiana ‘Wate’s Golden’     Pinus virginiana is an indestructible, small, scrubby tree that has adapted to barren, sandy and dry places, even heavy clay, and, as a species, would hardly get a second look as an ornamental. ‘Wate’s Gold’ changes all that. Starting as early as October, its medium green needles begin turning to strong yellow/gold and hold their color through winter. Small, slow growing, after many years reaching 15 in height with an attractively irregular outline. The brightly colored needles stand out anywhere in the winter landscape but are especially effective when plants are backed by green-needled evergreens. Color is best in cold temperatures, making ‘Wate’s Gold’ a special treat for northern gardens. 

Pinus wallichiana (griffithii) 'Zebrina'

wallichiana (griffithii) ‘Zebrina’        Variegated Himalayan Pine. I'm really excited to offering this special pine this year. It's a large tree, 30-50' high, possibly higher, with a width equal to at least ,or more, the height. The needles are long and strikingly variegated with gold bands.  A tree of exceptional beauty earning high praise from Michael Dirr whose description includes such tributes as "graceful, of elegant habit,..a lovely specimen tree". In zone 5, needles may, or may not, burn during exceptionally cold winters. Probably best in zone 6 and warmer parts of zone 6. Rare and collectable.

Sciadopitys verticilata (Japanese Umbrella-pine)    An imposing, pyramidal conifer with long, polished, dark green needles, very distinctive, occurring in whorles at intervals along the stems. Branches are held horizontally and, just as the needles encircle the stems, so also the branches occur in whorls at regular intervals along the trunk.  Height is anywhere from 30'-60', in time possibly more. Requires rich, moist, acidic soil and sun and, wherever possible, protection form wind. A very desirable tree whose distinctive whorled patterns and lush foliage impart an exotic, almost tropical appearance. Zone 5.

Sciadopitys verticilata ‘Cynthia Waxman’    Introduced by the renowned UConn plantsman, Sidney Waxman, this slower growing, (6” per year), Japanese Umbrella Pine has a loose, open habit when young but with age becomes much more dense, with a tight, pyramidal silhouette. Needles are lustrous, thick textured and deep green. Hard to find much info on this new tree and, it’s thanks to the research efforts of nursery employee Dan Zima that we’re able to provide the above description. To get a sense of the mature habit of ‘Cynthia Waxman’, Dan suggests visualizing a glamorous-movie-star version of a large, Dwarf Alberta Spruce!

Sciadopitys verticillata

Sciadopitys verticilata ‘Wintergreen’ (Japanese umbrella-pine)    Long, dense, glossy needles on plants with a narrow conical form, distinctly more narrow than the species. Needles do not yellow in winter. A very imposing specimen and accent plant. 30-50’ tall. Slow growing at a rate of 9” a year. This selection of the umbrella-pine does well in colder climates. Locally, there are beautiful specimens to be seen on the campuses of Amherst and Smith college. Zone 5.

 Taxodium distichum ‘Peve Minaret find under shrubs

Taxodium distichum ‘Secrest’ New find under shrubs

Taxus cuspidata ‘Aurea Low Boy’     Golden/yellow needles on low, ground-hugging plants, 2’ high, up to 3’ high, by 4’ wide. Most effective in part shade where its golden foliage ignites a patch of bright, unexpected color. For specimen and groundcover use. Easy to grow and just about indestructible. Hardy throughout zone 5.

Taxus x media ‘Hillii’     A narrow, upright growing yew, growing slowly, at a rate of 6”-7” per year, to a mature height of 6’-8’, possibly up to 12’-15’ after many years. Habit is dense, columnar, very uniform, maintaining a width that’s one half the height, or less. Unlike many other yew varieties that lose needles on the lower branches, ‘Hillii’ holds its evergreen needles to the ground, making it especially good for hedging. Also excellent for vertical accent anywhere in the landscape, foundation and specimen planting. For sun to part shade, even deeper shade. Zone 4.

Taxus x media Margarita™     Bright chartreuse/green, evergreen foliage on low-growing, rounded shrubs, 4’-5’ tall by 4’-5’ wide. Grows in sun, part shade and even full shade and is drought tolerant once established. Zone 4.

Taxus media 'Veridis

Taxus x media ‘Viridis’    The specimen in picture is the object of much attention throughout the season. It’s slow-growing, tight, upright form, 10-12ft. high by only 2-3ft. wide, is one of the main features of our borders. It gains in appeal and, after fifteen years of enjoying it in the garden, I like it more each year. Foliage is lighter green than the species. Can’t be beat for strong vertical accent. Few pest or disease problems. Zone 4.

Thuja occidentalis Anna’s Magic Ball™    A dwarf golden arborvitae that fills many voids in the landscape. Forms a bright golden, evergreen ball that resists burning and holds its color nicely in winter, 15”-20” tall with an equal spread. Contrasts beautiful with blue and green needled dwarf evergreens. Very hardy, zone 3.

Thuja (occidentalis) Pancake™   No pruning required to maintain the flattened shape of this distinctive little arborvitae, only 1’ tall by 2’-3’ tall. Forms an cute bun of soft, blue toned foliage that persists into winter. Adds an interesting color, texture and form to foundation plantings and at the front of shrub borders. It’s also right at home in the mixed perennial border. Zone 3.

Thuja occidentalis ‘Wansdyke Silver’    A medium sized arborvitae with soft, graceful foliage splashed with creamy white, 6-8' tall by 3-4' wide. Excellent for adding a touch of excitement to shrub borders, to mixed evergreen hedges and as anchor plants in the perennial border, and as bold focal points throughout the landscape. The foliage texture is softer, less dense than most arborvitae. Add to this the liberal white flecking and the landscape-friendly size, and the result is a special, attractive and versitile evergreen with great garden appeal. Zone 4.

plicata Forever Goldy     Brilliant yellow, non-fading, non-burning color all year on narrow, upright plants,15-18’ tall by 3-5’ wide, possessing all the rugged reliability one expects from an Arborvitae. Makes an eye-catching specimen as well as adding great interest to mixed shrub and perennial borders. Growth rate is slow to moderate which, combined with its narrow form, make it suitable for smaller spaces. The golden yellow summer foliage develops orange tinges in fall and winter. Grow in full sun, in average or better, reasonably moist but well-drained soil. Zone 4.


Location of the Nursery:
Bay State Perennial Farm
36 State Road (Routes 5 & 10)
Whately, MA 01093
(413) 665-3525


Mailing Address:
Bay State Perennial Farm
P.O.Box 706
N. Hatfield, MA 01066


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