Bay State Perennial Farm
Bay State on Facebook

Woodland Wildflowers 

Spigelia marilandica 400

 Spigelia marilandica

Aconitum krylovii New   An outstanding monkshood with numerous sprikes covered with creamy white flowers that rise above large, deep green leaves. Blooms mid to late summer. After flowering, the mounded foliage continues to look spectacular. Rare. Native to the Altai Mountains of Russia. Zone 3.

Actaea pachypoda ‘Misty Blue’  A new look for this already attractive woodland perennial, adding a soft, bluish-green cast to the finely cut foliage. White flowers are followed by dense clusters of white fruit, each with a distinct black dot or 'doll's eyes'. And as if that weren't enough, the white fruit are carried on vivid, bright red pedicels for a dynamic, eye-catching display in the shady border. Fruit persists for 4-6 weeks,(fruit is poisonous). Grows 2-3' high and does best in part to full shade with fertile, moist but well drained soil. Zone 4.

Anemone nemorosa

Anemone nemorosa    A welcome harbinger of spring that blooms in April/May with masses of starry flowers floating just above low growing, deeply-cut foliage. At 4" tall, it's perfect for underplanting spring-blooming shrubs or taller bulbs such as daffodils. Given dappled shade and rich soil, they will multiply happily, but mark their spot, as they tend to go dormant in summer. Native throughout much of Europe and into Eastern Asia. Zones 5-9.  FullSun-s PartialShade-s Drip2 Drip3 scissors

Anemone nemorosa ‘Alba Plena’  The white, double-flowered form of this charming, easy to grow and reliable woodland species. 6-8” tall, spreading by rhizomes. For shade with rich, moist but well drained soil. Zone 4.

Anemone nemorosa ‘Seemonii’    If you’re more accustomed to the blue and white forms of this delightful woodlander then the orange-yellow flowered form will be a pleasant discovery. Low, dense and spreading mats of Sweet Woodruff-like foliage, (though much darker green), completely overspread with 1” orange-yellow rayed flowers in spring and into early summer. For shade with rich, moist but well-drained soil. Zone 4.

anem thalictroides

Anemonella thalictroides (Rue Anemone)      One to five upward-facing white to light pink flowers over fine fern-like foliage, 6-9" high.  Will form tidy clumps and self-sow to form sizable colonies that will carpet the woodland garden with charming white blooms for many weeks in spring. Grow in part to full shade in reasonably fertile as well as moist soil. Zone 4.. 

Anemonella thalictroides ‘Betty Blake’ New    This Anemonella is sporting a brand new designer color! Fully double, light-green little pom-poms create an eyecatching stirr in the shady border. These haute couture beauties will appeal even to those gardeners withholding judgement on the merit of green flowers, especially since they hold their bloom for up to 4 weeks. 10” high. For shade with rich, evenly moist but well-drained soil. Zone 4. 

Anemonella thal. 'Cameo'

Anemonella thalictroides ‘Cameo’      Fully double light pink flowers that slowly fade to white. They can last from 4 to 8 weeks in April-June. This is one of the easiest to grow, it tends to multiply faster than most of the other double forms. Zones 4-8. 12 in. Moist well-drained soil. Shade to part shade. We are offering flowering size plants from divisions.

Anemonella thalictroides ‘Lloyd’s Big Bloomers’    This exceptionally large and robust form of the Rue Anemone is very long blooming, (up to two months), creating a very satisfying floral display. The upward-facing, white flowers appear over delicate, fern-like foliage. Forms a nice clump and self-sows once it settles in. Zone 4.

Anemonopsis macrophylla

Anemonopsis macrophylla      One of the Japanese aristocrats. This hard to find woodlander forms clumps of cimicifuga-like foliage topped with nodding, waxy lilac flowers in late summer. Likes a cool moist position. Zones 4-7. 3 ft. Shade to part shade, moist rich soil.

Arisaema candidissima     A beautiful species of cobra lily from China with large, glossy leaves and a showy, pink striped flower. It comes up late in the spring and blooms late, not opening till late June. Increases readily and quickly forms attractive clumps. Zone 5.

Arisaema fargessi (Chinese Cobra Lily)   A Chinese species, this plant has very large tripartite leaves and large maroon striped flowers that look like a cobra's head. It comes up late and blooms in late June to July. Will offset quite freely, forming a nice clump. Zone 5.

arisaema sikokianum

Arisaema sikokianum    Best known of the Japanese cobra lilies, with white golfball-sized spadix inside a purple spathe. Mid-spring bloom. Cold hardy but needs good winter drainage. Zone 4. 20ins. tall. Part to full shade.

Asarum canadense    (Wild Ginger) Bright green, geart-shaped leaves over unusual brown flowers at the base of the plant. One of our best native groundcovers, it is carefree and surprisingly drought tolerant. Also an alternative food source for the Pipevine Swallowtail. Zone 2.

Asarum europeum (European Ginger)  See under perennials.

Astilboides (Rodgersia) tabularis      Amazing, large, rounded, dark green leaves up to 3' across! Very architectural and fanciful. Creamy white, astilbe-like flower plumes are carried above the leaves in June-July but the eye-catching feature of this plant is the foliage.  Grows 3' high and wide. Requires rich, organic soil that's evenly moist but not soggy. Part to heavier shade is where they're usually sited but sun is ok as long as the soil remains consistently moist. An excellent choice for pond or stream side planting. Always dramatic and attention-getting and very effective combined with plants of contrasting texture such as Variegated Solomon's Seal, burgundy leaved Cimicifuga, and Japanese Silver Painted Ferns. Zones 5-7.

Caltha palustris (Marsh Marigold)     An early spring flowering native with large, bright yellow flowers above shiny, deep green leaves. Frequents wet places but will adapt to rich, reasonably moist garden soil. Grows well in full sun if ample moist is present, otherwise, part shade is best. Zone 3..

Cimicifuga japonica (Cheju Island form)   This superior form comes from Darrell Probst and offers compact foliage and prolific flowering. In early spring, the foliage often emerges with a purple hue before turning green. In late summer, a single mature plant can produce 12-15 graceful white flowers spikes of, 4-5ft. tall. Very resistant to leaf spot. Zone 4.

Cimicifuga racemosa    5-7' spires of white flowers bloom July-Aug. A statuesque and elegant woodland native that delivers late summer color to the woodland garden. Light, all-day shade or morning sun and afternoon shade yields more attractive, sturdily upright plants. Soil should be rich and reasonably moist.  zone 3.

Cimicifuga rubifolia   A very appealing native Bugbane, more compact growing, with large, maple-like leaves and characteristic showy white, mildly fragrant flowers carried on shorter spikes, only 2-3' tall. Blooms in late summer. Grow in part to heavier shade, in rich, moist soil. Zone 4.

cornus canadensis

Cornus canadensis BUNCHBERRY    A slow spreading ground cover with white upfacing flowers over overlapping whorled leaves. Red berries in late summer. Best grown in a deep cool mulch. Circumboreal. Zones 2-6. 6-8 in. Shade to part shade, moist acid soil.

We’re selling large, blooming size Cypripedium

Cypripedium ‘Aki’    This hybd. has very large flowers with light pink pouches and burgundy and cream streaked petals and sepals. Flower size and color does vary somewhat. It’s the first lady-slipper to bloom out here in western Massachusetts with C. ‘Gisla’ coming in just behind it. Up to 2’ tall. Zone 3.

Cypripedium ‘Cleo Pinkepank’New   A cross between C. kentuckiense and C. hotei that yields beautiful, medium to dark pink blooms with dark pink hoods and tendrils. Bloom color can be temperature dependant: darker in cold weather, lighter in warmer weather. 20" tall. Best in rich, evenly moist but well-drained soil with a neutral pH.

Cypripedium parviflorum var. parviflorum   Small deep yellow flowers with browh veining and long brown to black cordscrew sepals. Often with two flowers per stem. This small yellow form, often called the Yellow Moccasin Flower, is easy to grow and will form large clumps over time. 14-20" tall. Best in light shade with rich, evenly moist but well drained soil and a pH that hovers around neutral. Zone 3.

Cypripedium 'Philipp'

Cypripedium ‘Philipp’      The flowers of this cultivar are the shape and size,(large), of C. kentuckiense but the color is a soft pink to light purple, (darker in cold weather, lighter in warmer weather). The sepals and petals tend to be a rich burgundy. Very heat tolerant and easy to grow. 24" tall, and large leafed. Blooms mid-season. Zone 3.

Cypripedium reginae    (Showy Lady-Slipper) Elegant rose-pink and white flowers in late May into June, often blooming for up to four weeks. Not the easiest of the lady-slippers to grow but really not that difficult if given the right placement: high open shade, constantly moist (but not wet) soil, with a neutral pH. Once established it can form large clumps and persist for years. Eastern U.S. Zones 3-8. 16-24 in. Part sun, moist rich neutral soil that does not dry out.

Cypripedium ‘Victoria’ New   (C. plubescens x C. fasciolatum) A striking yellow flowered Lady-Slipper with flowers that are larger than those of C. pubescens and more creamy-yellow in color. Long, pendant-like, burgundy tendrils contrast beautifully with the creamy-yellow pouches,12"-16" tall. For light shade with rich, moist, but well-drained soil. When purchasing a Lady-Slipper, ask for one of our handouts on Cypridedium culture.

Cypripedium ‘Rita Alba’   A charming dwarf hybd. with creamy white pouches with reddish-brown veining, and dark brown sepals and petrals. It emerges slowly but steadily and develops a stout, strongly upright form. 8-10” high and completely irresistible! Zone 3.

Delphinium exaltatum   (Tall Larkspur) This somewhat obscure but very garden worthy larkspur forms large vigorous clumps that tend to be long-lived. Light blue to violet flowers on stems that stay upright. Blooms in late summer and may re-bloom in fall. The Tall Lardspur has a more refined look than many hybrids that tend to fall over and require staking. Native to eastern U.S. 3-6ft. tall.  Does well in part shade, in reasonably moist, well-drained soil to which a bit of lime has been added. Zone 4.

Diphylleia cymosa (Umbrella Leaf)     A bold, large-leaved, shade lover grown for its foliage effect, flowers and berries. Tightly folded, reddish-brown domes emerge in spring and unfold into broad, deeply toothed, dark green, nicely textured leaves. In May, arching flower stems appear above the leaves carrying flattened, upright disks of creamy white flowers that later become dark blue, pea-sized berries displayed on bright red pedicels for an eye-catching contrast. Under favorable conditions plants will form large, stately clumps, 30-60" high. The bold foliage and exceptional berry/pedicel display make these plants effective companions for other large, shade loving perennials and shrubs. Also very impressive in drifts. Grow in shade, in rich, evenly moist soil. Zone 4.

disporum flavum

Disporum flavum (Korean Fairy Bells)     A rarely seen but easy-to-grow shade loving plant that, when happy, forms sizable clumps of tall, 30” stems carrying large, dangling, yellow bells in spring followed by pea-sized, blue berries in the fall. Makes a choice addition to any woodland garden. Zone 3.

Disporum sessile ‘Variegatum’   (Variegated Fairy Bell) Creamy-white tubular flowers, flared at the tips dangle from gently arching stems in spring. Stems are clothed with green leaves attractively striped with cream. It our garden plants spread willingly to form loose, open colonies. Rich, moderately moist soil in shade is best though plants seem to tolerate some drought. 12-14” high. Zone 3.

Dodecatheon (mixed colors)   (Shooting Star)  Charming cyclamen-like flowers in white, pink, and red carried on slender stems well above flat rosettes. Goes dormant late summer. Zones 3-8. 16-24 in. Full shade to sun, moist humus soil.

Gaultheria procumbens

Gaultheria procumbens ‘Very Berry’   An especially heavy fruiting strain of this favorite native woodlander. Grows 6" high by up to 2' wide after several years, forming attractive, low mats of glossy, evergreen leaves that turn burgundy in winter. Small white flowers bloom in summer and, though small, they have an irresistible charm as they nestled amongst the dense, glossy leaves. Flowers are followed in late fall and winter by pea-sized, bright red berries. If not eaten by critters, berries often persist into spring. For part to full shade with organic, evenly moist but well-drained, acidic soil. Can be grouped for attractive, small-scale groundcover, or used as specimens at the front of the shady border where their four season garden appeal can be fully appreciated. Good wildlife plant. Zone 3.

Geranium maculatum  (Wild Geranium)    Native from Maine to the Carolinas, a spritely woodlander around 1'-1' tall with pink/lavender flowers carried on branched stems, above the foliage, April-June. In the garden, we prefer to let plants make their own way through self seeding, which they do to perfection, never failing to find just the right spot to highlight their understated charm. Long-lived and dependable in part to full shade with moist loam,(think woodland). Attracts butterflies, deer resistant. Zone 3. 

Gillenia trifoliata

Gillenia (Porteranthus) stipulata   (American Ipecac) Large numbers of one-inch star-shaped white flowers on wiry red branches. Blooms freely late May through June with flowers generously distributed throughout, looking as though they'd been sprinkled down from above and gently come to rest on the branches without actually being attached. The effect is light and airy and unforgetable.  Visitors unfamiliar with the plant never fail to exclaim over its special appeal. Habit is upright, vase-shaped, 3-4'. For part to heavier shade with average, reasonably moist soil. Established plants are quite tolerant. Eastern U.S. native. Zones 4-8.

Gillenia (Porteranthus) trifoliata     (Bowman's Root) Large numbers of one-inch star-shaped white flowers on wiry red branches . Blooms freely late May through June. Plants have a sturdy, upright habit with a shrub-like appearance. When in bloom, the glistening white flowers resemble white moths flitting through the branches. This under-used plant not only adds shape and texture, but it also thrives in dry, shady sites. Eastern U.S. native. Zones 4-8. 2-3 ft. Part shade, garden soil.

Porteranthus Pink Profusion

Gillenia (Proteranthus) trifoliata ‘Pink Profusion’    Clear pink, star-like flowers bloom late spring and early summer over deep red stems carrying reddish leaves. Flowers are delicately held, appearing barely attached to the stems and at risk of taking flight on the first breeze. Plants seem almost shrub-like, with an attractive upright, vase-shaped, intricate network of slender but strong branches. For shade with moderately moist, organic soil. Both in and out of bloom, plants lend an eye-catching vertical accent to those often overlooked shaded areas. Zone 4.

Glaucidium palmatum   A rare Japanese woodlander with large silky, purple-pink flowers over full, dense clumps of maple-like leaves. Blooms for up to three weeks in spring. From Hillside Nursery which has developed a particularly strong growing form. Begins blooming at a young age but the plants that we’re selling will take a year or two to reach their full, bodacious, mature size, 2’ high by 2’ wide. For cool shade with evenly moist, well-drained soil. Very special, a completely arresting sight in the shade border. Zone 3.

Hepatica acutiloba (Sharped-Leaved Hepatica)  One of our prettiest flowering native plants forming dense clumps of attractive floiage 6" tall by 10" wide. In early spring, March-April, charming white to blue flowers rise 2-4" above the foliage in profuse quantities. Full to part shade, moist well-drained soil. Eastern US native. Zones 4.

Hepatica nobilis    (blue flowered form) This is the European form of Hepatica with deep blue flowers that emerge in early spring, followed by tri-lobed leaves. Hepaticas are among the loveliest of early spring blooming, woodland plants. Without peers in the charm department! Grow in light to full shade in rich, moist but drained soil with a neutral or higher pH. Zone 4.

Hepatica transylvanica Blue Form New    From the Slavic region of southeastern Europe, this early-flowering hepatica is a true harbinger of spring with its noticeably larger blue flowers and sizable, almost leathery, leaves. It’s fast growing and offsets freely. This is one of the largest hepatica species and the only one that has a spreading habit. Does best in shade/part shade, with moist, well-drained, less-acid, (higher pH) soil.  

Iris cristata See under Perennials.

    versicolor ‘Kermesina’   (Blue Flag Iris)  This is the violet-red form of the Blue Flag Iris.  Native, most often found growing in wet places, where it blooms in spring with violet-red flowers. Slightly lower growing than the species 2-3ft high. Adapts well to garden conditions but best suited to the woodland or naturalized garden. Zone 4.

Jeffersonia diphylla Twinleaf    White flowers in May followed by interesting pipe-shaped seed pods over large, twin, kidney-shaped dusty blue-green leaves. Forms nice clumps and is useful both as a specimen plant and planted in mass. Best in a moist site, but tolerant of both drought and root competition once established. Eastern U.S. native. Zones 3-8. 10-12 in. Full or dappled shade, moist humus soil.

jeffersonia dubia

Jeffersonia dubia Asian Twinleaf   Older plants can have up to 50 upward-facing blooms of a blue to lavender-blue that can be seen from hundreds of feet away. It's one of the first plants to bloom here every year. The leaves form after the plant has flowered. Easy in the garden, this highly-sought-after plant is suitable for even the beginning gardener. Native to Japan, China, and Korea. Zones 4-7. 10-16 in. Shade to part shade, garden soil.

mertensia verginica

Mertensia virginica VIRGINIA BLUEBELLS    Shoots rise in early spring as the ground thaws. Flowers start as clusters of pink buds, then open up to bright blue bells. After blooming for several weeks, seeds ripen, and the plant begins to fade, going dormant in early July. Native to eastern woodlands. Zones 3-8. 12 in. Part shade, moist humus soil.

paeonia japonica

Paeonia japonica   (Japanese Woodland Peony) Large, single, white flowers with prominent yellow stamens bloom in May, but the show doesn't end there because the seed display that follows the flowers is almost as attractive as the flowers themselves. In late summer, seed capsules split open revealing rows of bead-like, jet black seeds nestled in a bed of scarlet red pulp. Attractive blue/green foliage on 20" tall plants. Best in part shade with rich, reasonably moist, well drained soil. Zone 4.

Paeonia obovata var. Willmottiae (Asian Woodland Poppy)   A robust plant with large, single, white flowers with yellow or dark maroon stamens. Blooms later in May than P. japonica and develops the same beautiful seed pods that open to reveal a satiny red cushion nestling dark blue, bead-like seeds. The seed pods of both this variety and P. japonica rival their flowers for beauty. 30-40" tall. Grow in part shade in rich, moist but well drained soil.

Peltoboykinia wantanabei (previously, Boykinia),  A rare and choice plant from Japan with huge,10" wide. rounded, slightly divided leaves on longish petioles. Dainty creamy yellow flowers rise above the foliage on 20in. stems. Plants require rich, moist soil in shade. They will tolerate boggy conditions and look especially nice at stream or pond side. Zone 5.

Phytolacca americana variegated form    The variegated form of the Pokeweed with foliage that’s pretty enough to earn the mantle or respectability for this otherwise common weed. Large growing to anywhere from 4 - 6’ high, with stout stems that are well branched and attractive, strikingly variegated foliage. Flowers are insignificant but fruits are very attractive occurring in large clusters of jet-black berries at the ends of stems. A large, imposing plant for sun, in rich, evenly moist soil. Plants in our border always create a lot of buzz. Roots are poisonous. Zone 4.

Pinellia tripartita (Green Dragon)    Green jack-in-the-pulpit like flowers with dramatic, long, whip-like spandix. Flowers can last for up to two months. This is a well behaved Pinellia that increases modestly by producing offsets as well as seed. 10-15” tall. For shade, with rich, moist soil. Zone 5.

podophyllum hexandrum

Podophyllum hexandrum 'Majus HIMALAYAN MAYAPPLE     A clump-forming mayapple with pink upward-facing cup-shaped flowers in early spring, before the brown, marbled leaves are fully developed. Followed by four-inch egg-shaped seed pods. Zones 4-8. 16-20 in. Part shade, moist rich soil.

Podophyllum peltatum Mayapple    Large white flowers under umbrella-like leaves. Spreads vigorously. Blooms in May. Eastern U.S. Zones 3-8. 12-15 in. Full or part shade, moist rich soil.

Polygonatum commutatum Giant Solomon’s Seal    The majestic arcs of P. commutatum grace the shade garden, and feature white bell-shaped flowers followed by attractive blue berries. Blooms in spring. A large natural tetraploid form. Eastern U.S. Zones 3-8. 4-6 ft. at maturity. Full or part shade, good loam.

Polygonatum odoratum ‘Byakko’ White Tiger Solomon’s Seal    An exceptional Solomon’s Seal with a striking variegation pattern. The tip of the leaf is green, while the midsection towards the stem is white. The name ‘Byakko’ means “white tiger”, as plants often have a striped appearance. Tjhe color is better on larger plants, and best when grown in light shade with morning sun. Native to Japan. 1’-2’ high.  

polygonatum odoratum variegatum

Polygonatum odoratum 'VariegatumVARIEGATED SOLOMON'S SEAL    This plant has arching stems with paired leaves, white bell-shaped flowers followed by blue berries. Blooms in spring. The white and cream striping on this strong-growing form are what makes this one so popular. Native of Europe. Zones 3-8. 20 in. Full or part shade, good loam.

Pinellia tripartita     (Green Dragon) This is the better-behaved Pinellia. It will not invade the garden but, instead, it will offset and reproduce via seeds in quantities sufficient to maintain a presence. The green jack-in-the-pulpit like flower with long slender spandix comes up between three-part leaves and can persist for up to two months. 10-15” high. Zone 5.

Rubus odoratus (Purple-Flowering Thornless Raspberry) New     This native raspberry offers showy, deep purple, rose-like, 1-2” fragrant flowers over large, fuzzy, maple-like leaves on thornless stems. Flowers appear June-July, followed by small, but edible fruit. Bark exfoliates in winter adding winter interest. Though primarily clump forming, plants do send out the occasional runner which is easily dug out. In the wild, plants often find a favorable spot to grow beside a country road and, more than once, I’ve found myself stopping to admire their unexpected touch of color in the otherwise green landscape. 4’ tall with an open vase shape. Grow in part shade in reasonably moist soil. zone 3. 

Sanguinaria canadense     In early spring, pure white, 1" wide, rayed flowers appear, last for a few days, and then are gone. Though one wishes they held longer, the flowers possess such delicate beauty that it's enough to enjoy even a fleeting glimpse. After bloom is finished, attractive round, gray/green, leaves increase, sometimes up to 10ins, across, forming tight, gradually spreading colonies suitable as modest woodland ground covers. 9-12ins. high. Grow in shade, in moist but well drained soil. Evenly moist soil becomes more important when plants are expected to perform as groundcovers through the season. Zone 3. 

Sanguinaria canadense ‘Multiplex’ (Double Bloodroot)    Double, pristine white, rayed flowers 1" across in early spring. Flowers open bulging with petals, looking like small Gardenias. Their stay in the garden is brief, several days depending on the weather, but their exceptional beauty makes a lasting impression and leaves the gardener looking ahead to their reappearance next spring.  The leaves are large, round, blue-green in color, forming attractive, dense colonies that are suitalble as shady groundcovers. 8-10" high. Grow in shade with moist but well drained soil. Zone 4.

Saruma henryi    A ginger relative with downy heart-shaped leaves and bright, lemon- yellow flowers most heavily produced in spring and then intermittently through summer, 2ft. tall. Grow in shade with reasonable moisture. Easy to grow and a willing self-seeder. Zone 5.

Smilacina racemosa (False Solomon’s Seal)      Bold, easy to grow woodland plants with graceful, arching stems similar to true Solomon’s Seal. Stems are lined with large, deeply veined, light green leaves and topped with showy creamy-white flower plumes in spring. Flowers are followed by equally showy, large clusters of berries that begin white and eventually mature to red.  The 3’ tall stems spread moderately slowly and do not present a maintenance problem. Extras are easily removed. Grows in moist, acid soil in part to full shade, native. Zone 3.

Spigelia marilandica - 175

Spigelia marilandica     Long, narrow crimson buds peel back to reveal bright yellow interiors,(also cream and chartreuse). One of natures fireworks displays, stunning. Blooms in July from bushy clumps 12-16ins. tall and wide. Grow in moist, light shade. Very late to emerge in spring. Be patient, it’s worth the wait. Zone 4. PartialShade-s Drip2 Drip3

Syneilesis aconitifolia Shredded Umbrella Plant    Large, umbrella-like leaves, incised to a fare thee well with lobes reaching back to the petiole. Interesting from the minute they poke up in spring looking like mushrooms. As plants continue to grow, the closely folded leaves flare out to reveal their fascinating shredded form. About 2’ high. Easy to grow in part to full shade with evenly moist, rich soil. Zone 3.   

stylophorum diphyllum

Stylophorum diphyllum   (Wood Poppy) Mounds of deeply cut leaves. Two-inch yellow flowers, late spring. Very popular and easy to grow plant, great with Virginia Bluebells. Eastern U.S. Zones 4-8. 24-30 in. Full to part shade, moist humus soil.

Trillium erectum (Wake Robin)  The most common native Trillium, its large, dark maroon flowers herald the arrival of spring throughout the New England woods. Grows 12-18ins. tall with flowers held boldly above the foliage. The Wake Robin has a definite liking for acidic, moist soil in part to quite heavy shade. Easily establishes in gardens. Zone 3. limited supply.

Trillium grandiflorum multiplex    (Double-Flowered White Trillium)   This is the rarely offered, fully double-flowered form. Its exquisite blooms have multiple rows of white overlapping petals. It will offset freely, once established. Blooming-sized divisions. Zones 3-8. 12-14 in. Plant in light to quite deep shade, in moist, rich, well -drained neutral soil. A yearly dusting of lime is beneficial.

Trillium luteum    (Yellow Toadshade Trillium)  Stalkless yellow flowers nestled atop a set of leaves beautifully mottled with silver, mildly fragrant. 10-18" tall. Requires full/dappled shade and moist, humus-rich soil with a neutral pH. Clump forming. One of the easiest trillium to grow when favorable conditions are provided. Zone 4.

Trillium recurvatum    (PrairieTrillium)  This is a long blooming form with dark maroon flowers. It has very erect stems and thin mottled leaves. It gets its name from the strongly recurved sepals that curve back against the stem. The form we're offering is taller than most and forms larger clumps once established. 12-14" tall. Light shade with moist to wet soil. Zone 4.

Uvularia grandiflora      Soft yellow, elongated, bell-shaped flowers dangle from the upper portion of tightly clumped, gently arching stems. Blooms in spring, fragrant. Leaves are long and narrow, blue-green in season turning yellow in autumn. 16" high. Adapted to part and full shade with moist, neutral soil.  A no-fuss, choice woodland gem that delights with charming, fragrant flowers in spring and then continues to catch the eye with its attractive habit and foliage. The overall appearance is reminiscent of the smaller Solomon's Seals. Zone 4.

Uvularia sessilifolia ‘Blizzard’     A gem of a plant for the shade garden with leaves that are mostly creamy yellow with specks of green scattered over the leaf surface. Only 4-8” high and does best in average, reasonably moist. Zone 3.

Vancouveria hexandra (White Inside-out Flower)       Plants bear a resemblance to Epimedium with dense, Thalictrum or Aquilegia-like foliage on moderately fast spreading rhizomes. Curious, small, white flowers that are best appreciated close up bloom in spring. Requires shade and soil that's moist in spring and either continued moist or drying out somewhat in summer. Not often seen in Northeastern gardens. Makes an excellent shady groundcover that is easily kept in bounds if needed with an annual digging around the edges. Zone 5.




Location of the Nursery:
Bay State Perennial Farm
36 State Road (Routes 5 & 10)
Whately, MA 01093
(413) 665-3525


Mailing Address:
Bay State Perennial Farm
P.O.Box 706
N. Hatfield, MA 01066


Bay State on Facebook

© 2014 Bay State Perennial Farm - No unauthorized use allowed - All rights reserved.